PCI WiFi Adapter VS USB WiFI Adapter

PCI WiFi Adapter VS USB WiFI Adapter

pci-wifi adapter
Image of a PCI-E WiFi adapter card.

 

Likely you want to enable WiFi access on your desktop or laptop without wireless adapter to eliminate the need for so many cords. Well it is good your here to learn the difference.

PCI WiFi Adapter

I’d like to start this one off by saying if your getting a wireless adapter for your laptop stop reading and just buy a USB dongle you can’t add PCI devices to a laptop.

If your wanting to add wireless to a desktop though that is a different story. PCI devices are much faster than USB devices, and can achieve much greater speeds, and allow for more stable connections. Their raw power, and ability to transfer data is much higher than a USB dongle.

While I say PCI don’t worry if all you have are PCI-E slots most if not all WiFi adapters have this port option available.

Usually these kind of adapters are best if you do a lot of bandwidth intensive task, and game a lot. Their price is not bad either considering they range from $10~$100 dollars. The more you pay the better off you are though. At $10 your probably looking at B/G wireless adapters which will max out at 54mbps which for more people is good enough, and perfectly fine for gaming or YouTube. If you need more though be ready to pay more.

Doing a quick Amazon search you can see the prices aren’t bad. PCI devices are really easy to install too. All you got to do is open the side of your computer see which slot it fits, and than identify that slot if it exist on your motherboard. These days they are usually marked on the board as well in white text. You can also look online using Google image search.

USB WiFi Adapter (Dongle)

Depending on who you go with, and what speeds your looking for these range from just a few bucks to $40+ according to Amazon. The main thing with USB Wifi Adapters is that they are convenient, pretty fast, and very portable. If your laptop’s WiFi adapter burns out a cheap USB Wifi Adapter is the best option rather than getting it repaired.

USB Adapters are great for space too. Usually people who are working on small projects with Raspberry Pi devices use these to give their devices WiFi capability.

The downside to USB WiFi adapters are signal range, and the fact they usually max out at 300mbps on the market. Anything above 300mbps starts to get expensive.

Conclusion

If your looking for convenience, or need a laptop WiFi replacement than get a USB WiFi adapter. If your using a desktop than I would recommend a PCI or PCI-E WiFi adapter card which are relativity cheap, and easy to install.

Don’t forget to bookmark us, and come back and visit at http://www.prenticenetwork.com/

If you feel like supporting us, and want one of these devices you can also follow one of the two below links for either one of the above devices.

PCI/PCI-E WiFi Adapter

USB WiFi Adapter

Pagerank – Is Google done with it?

Pagerank – Is Google done with it?

google-pagerank
Looks like PageRank will be no more!

 

Say goodbye to Pagerank as Google has stated they will likely never update it again. Does not mean it won’t exist it just won’t be updated again.

The last Google Toolbar update rolled out on December 2013, and might be the last one according to John Mueller who stated it on a recent Google Plus Hangouts chat.

The main issue was someone asked a question who could not understand why so many spammy sites selling PR6 back-links had not been dealt with despite having been reported to Google multiple times.

 Here is what John Mueller said:

“There are a few things where we do take action that you might not see directly. Toolbar PageRank is something that we have not updated for about a year now, and we’re probably not going to be updating it going forward… we have a lot of way to recognize these problematic links, and the sites selling those links, that essentially blocks the PageRank from passing through those sites.”

Here is the video chat of the people Participating in the hangouts conversation.

Mr. Mueller in the video mentioned that he would go through an individual’s list of spammy sites to see if he can find anything that Google’s algorithms aren’t picking up on.

Mr. Mueller talked about two very interesting points in the above video. The first being that he said PageRank will (probably) not be updated going forward, and the second major point was that Google has measures in place to stop do-follow backlinks from passing PageRank if they are on a site that Google find to be highly spammy.

With all this information out hopefully people stop buying back links based on PageRank considering it won’t make a difference if you are on a high PageRank site or not.

Make sure to come back for more stories and information at http://www.prenticenetwork.com/

A full list of free textures websites

A full list of free textures websites

free textures
Random free texture from Google images.

 

So your looking for free textures huh? Well good job you’ve come to the right blog on the right post! Here below is a list of all the best free texture websites. Some might require registration, but only to prevent spam. These sites are listed in random order, and the order on this list does not relate to their quality or importance.

Textures.forrest.cz

Texture.forrest.cz is a small simple website with some great free textures that you can download right away without registration.

All-free-download.com

This site has more than just simple textures, and does not require registration. The section you will likely want to visit if your here for textures to use for a 3D environment is the free vector texture page.

Plaintextures.com

Plantextures.com is pretty neat. It does require registration which comes in a the form of a free account or a premium account. The free account can download 10 textures per day, and 1 brush per day. The premium accounts don’t cost a lot, but with so much free on the internet I wouldn’t bother with anything above the free account.

Freetextures.org

For the most part this website has some broken links, and seems not that well maintained or designed, but they do have plenty of free textures for the taking.

Archivetextures.net

This is a great website with tons of free textures. You can find just about everything on their site. I highly recommend them!

Opengameart.org

I frequent this website as it always has something cool, and amazing I can re-use for my own purposes. I highly recommend OGA and suggest you use them.

Texturemate.com

Texturemate is another great free site. It is a tad bit on the slow side for me, but that might just be because it’s popular and serving so many request. You don’t need an account, and the images are presented in full size.

Freepik.com

I’m surprised that I have never heard of this site before until just recently. They have TONS of free textures, vectors, and more. I 100% recommend freepik to everyone.

Brusheezy.com

This is a great site. It offers the ability to download for free, or get a paid membership to download premium textures. I myself though have not found myself in a position where I seen something premium on their site that I just “must have”. I recommend these guys their good, and not crazy about charging.

Freestocktextures.com

A website which has a nice handful of free textures. I don’t see any paid options on the site which I suppose is a good thing, and registration is not required which is great also.

Lostandtaken.com

This is a blog for a design artist who is nice enough to give lots of very high quality textures away for free without any registration required what so ever… amazing!

Allcgtextures.com

I don’t think this site has been updated since 2012, but all the links work, and it has lots of free quality textures you can download without registration.

Textureking.com

This is a free site that has tons of free quality textures for free. Registration is not even an option on this site! So go grab some textures the ones I looked at where great so I’m sure any artist will find something they can use.

Mayang.com

This highly underrated website has over 4,000 free textures! You can only download 20 textures per day per IP address. If you want to download more textures than you can buy the packs for a very affordable price.

CGTextures.com

If your looking for a list of great texture websites you’ve probably been to CGTextures before, but still they are a great website and deserve to be included on this list.

They have over 100,000 textures and you CAN register with a free account and download a nice handful of free textures per day. Unlike other sites instead of being limited by the amount of downloads you got left CGTextures does it by bandwidth limits which I think is much better.

Many popular companies, and games have been made using textures from this site. Killzone 2 had most of it’s in game object textured using CGTextures.

Conclusion

Well I really hope you guys liked this list, and enjoy using it to find textures for your projects. I myself will likely refer to my own post to find some textures (I’m terrible with bookmarks).

Anyway I’d really appreciate it if you guys told your friends and what not about this post it really helps when people spread the word!

http://www.dengan.net/

Wireless B vs G vs N vs AC | What’s the major difference

Wireless B vs G vs N vs AC | What’s the major difference?

linksys-g-wireless
From the stone age, but still running strong this is a wireless router that can do both wireless B, and G modes.

Wireless standards keep evolving, and with each major evolution they get faster. So today we will look at the wireless standard itself, and review the differences in the difference modes and their speeds.

WLAN Standard 802.11

ieee-wireless

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is an organized group of engineers. They created the standard for WiFi technology which all wireless routers will follow. They called this standard 802.11. All routers at the time were built around this standard. There was no letter designation, such as “G”, “N” or “AC”. This 802.11 standard was released in 1997.

The main problem with this standard was that it was way too slow. Today’s routers are made to this standard and thus the letter designations come into play.

802.11 Enhancements

Lets explain a few things first. We will be starting off by talking about Wireless B, but something did come before B and that was the A standard. A was released about the same time as B, but B was cheaper thus being more popular. A devices were mainly used by businesses so you don’t really hear about it when looking for routers online (and you won’t). Wikipedia has some great information on the history of wireless standards.

802.11B – Wireless B

Routers that came with just Wireless B are not longer made though a bunch of routers still support Wireless B so you should know a little bit about it. Wireless B can support a maximum throughput rate of 11mbps. You can also use the signal with no interference up to 150 feet away. Wireless B operates on an unregulated 2.4GHz range which is bad because many home appliances operate on this frequency.

This means that home phones, and things like microwaves can actually cause interference if your router is somewhat close to these devices however if it is not too close you should be good.

It is also good to note that Wireless B can actually be regulated on Wireless G routers that allows channel selection, and supported Wireless B.

802.11G – Wireless G

The G standard was a big push forward, and supports up to 54mbps. Wireless G just like Wireless B initially was unregulated until manufacturers like Cisco’s Linksys routers started adding channel selection support thus allowing you to switch channels and reduce interference.

Wireless G is backwards compatible with Wireless B so many routers support accepting both signals at the same time. Though I am about 100% positive that none of you reading this actually have a device that only supports Wireless B, but more likely devices that run on G or N. G’s main benefit is that it is faster than Wireless B.

802.11N – Wireless N

Wireless N supports a max speed of up to 300mbps with two antennas. With an additional antenna it can reach speeds up to 450mbps, Normally though you can expect to see speeds around 130mbps or so.

Wireless N operates on 2.4GHz and 5.0GHz bands at the same time. N devices can operate on multiple signals. It is called MIMO (Multiple-IN – Multiple-OUT). That combined with the two to three antennas, increased signal power, and rage it is clear Wireless N is a standard you want to use for very high speed devices.

 802.11AC

This is the next big thing as of the writing of this post. Wireless AC is out, and on the market offering speeds up to 1733mbps which is an enormous increase from Wireless N. It is also know as “5G Wi-Fi”. The standard was introduced in 2012, which is now the current standard that can be found on many newer routers. AC Routers also support Wireless N which makes them fully backwards compatible with G.

I hope this post was very informative, and helps you make a decision on what type of router you want to buy. Honestly anything from G and above suites the needs of most people unless you, and your whole family are all doing some very bandwidth intensive tasks.

If your interested in buying a new router consider an AC router. Here is a link below to an Amazon search result for AC routers.

http://amzn.to/1JjrBBY – Amazon Affiliate Link

https://md5live.com/

Comcast Modem’s & DDNS

Comcast Modem’s & DDNS

ddns

Okay so my Comcast modem gave me such trouble with DDNS that I figured I’d write a post about it.

What I was trying to do

I was trying to set up an IP camera with a hostname address from No-IP so I could view it from outside my network. The problem is my Comcast modem had no default DDNS support, and when I did visit my IP it would not open the appropriate ports even though they were forwarded. It took awhile but I did find a permanent and correct solution.

What I did to get DDNS working

You need your OWN router for this to work.

So what I ended up doing was putting my Comcast modem into bridge mode you can do this by logging into your Comcast modem by putting http://10.0.0.1/ into your browser’s address bar.

Once you are logged in you should see something similar except the only difference is instead of Enabled your’s should be Disabled.

Note that you will need your own router because what bridge mode does is pretty much turn off the router part of your modem, and make it just a “modem” in the traditional sense which is what we want.

bridge-mode ddnsAfter you do this assuming everything went smooth you can now plug up, and turn on your router so that it can start routing your internet to the various devices you own.

Now go to Google, and type what is my IP. It should be different than the regular IP you are usually assigned with just your Comcast modem. If so everything is a success and you can now use your own router to perform all household networking functions, and your Comcast modem will be just that a modem. Not a “2-wire” or a modem-router or nothing like that just a modem.

Troubleshooting

If things are not going as expected here are some things you can try that I know will resolve your issues.

Turn OFF your:

  • Modem
  • Router
  • PC

Than turn on your Modem and wait 30 seconds.

Than turn on your Router and wait 30 seconds.

Than turn on your PC and you should have internet.

You will know your Comcast modem is in bridge mode because it will say it is so in the web interface. Also the lights on the modem box will be different. The top 3 will be solid, and the two telephone lights will be flashing. If all else fails just disable bridge mode, and try again. It can be wonky sometimes so have patience its not broke (trust me).

I hope this post helped some of you guys!

http://www.dlprentice.com/

 

How to check if your own network port is working (NIC)

How to check if your own network port is working (NIC)

network card

If you have ever wanted to check your own NIC (Network Interface Card) to see if it working than you have come to the right place!

Checking Your NIC Steps (CMD) – Windows

I only use and have a Windows machine so we will be using Command Prompt. So hit the key on your Keyboard located on the bottom left hand side that has the Windows logo on it.

Afterwards type CMD into the search, and hit enter to open Command Prompt.

start-menuAfter Command Prompt is open you can check your Network Interface Card using type different commands.

The first command you can type is:

ping 127.0.0.1

cmd-ping1

or

ping localhost

cmd-ping2

If you have ever dealt with networking or running your own website I’m sure your already aware of the term localhost.

If you get a response at all than your computer’s network port is working.

If your still having trouble connecting to the internet, your router, or any other device via an Ethernet cord than you should troubleshoot those devices, and cables since you have just determined that your NIC (Network Interface Card) on your current device is in fact working.

If you DO NOT get a response using one or both of the above commands than the Network Interface Card on your machine is BAD. If you just got your computer, and it is custom built by yourself than you should double check that you have installed all the necessary drivers. Windows Update in fact is NOT a fix all solution for hardware and does not have drivers for everything.

If you simply don’t have a CD drive to put the driver CD that came with your computer or motherboard than usually you can get the drivers online from the manufacturer’s website.

In a later post I’ll go over the use of Wireshark to help further troubleshoot an entire network to help track down and identify network issues.

Come back to http://www.prenticenetwork.com/ and search for the “Wireshark” to find the article mentioned above.

How to use FileZilla

How to use FileZilla

filezilla

FileZilla is a free FTP (File Transfer Protocol) client. FTP is a method for download or uploading files to a server. FTP works in a few different ways, and has unsecure, and secure protocols within.

Today though were just going to mainly show you how to use FileZilla so you can upload some files to your server. We will be demonstrating using the dedicated server this site is hosted on.

This guide also assumes you have FileZilla installed. If you don’t than you can download it here: Download FileZilla. It is pretty self explanatory on how to install it.

How to use FileZilla

1) Locate Site Manager

First thing you will want to do is simply add your site! Before you can do that though you will need to open up the site manager. It is located in the upper left hand corner. If your having trouble just refer to the below picture.

filezilla-screenshot

2) Add Your Site!

Now I’ve grayed a few things out, but I’ll explain it all! When you open the site manager you will see what you see below. You will want to click “New Site” and a new one will populate the list on the left. Name your site so that you can identify it later. The settings on the right side are the settings associated with the currently highlighted site on list located on the left hand side.

The settings are pretty easy. Host is simply ftp.yoursitename.com really that is all there is to it. Than for Logon Type you will want to make sure it says normal (it says Anonymous by default). After that enter your cPanel username and your cPanel password. If all is well hit connect!

site-managerIf you happen to get any errors it will most likely be because of an incorrectly typed username or password. Double check your spelling on how you typed your site into the host section as well.

Connecting to a server via SFTP – SSH

Follow the same procedures except on the host slot you will need to put the server IP address. The Protocol should be SFTP, and Logon Type should be normal. Once you try connecting it will ask you to trust the credentials. Hit yes, and your into your server directly using FileZilla.

https://md5live.com/

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