Tag Archives: computer

Computer Building Guide Tips

Computer Building Guide Tips

This will help you understand a computer so you can build one.

Video at bottom of guide.

First off http://www.newegg.com/ is like the best site (not amazon) for finding PC components to build a computer. Amazon is pretty good for ordering the components, but if your to look something up just use newegg their the best they are also nice to order from.

With this list of tips we & I think that you will most certainly have a higher chance of success, and won’t get the wrong parts to go with one another, and won’t miss anything at that!

1st! Have a budget!

When deciding on a budget you need to decide first how much can you realistically spend. $200~$400 for a run of the mill internet and streaming PC is about standard. $500~$1000 will get you a low-budget to medium budget gaming, media, and entertainment PC, and $1100~$6000 will get you a high end computer that can do everything including play the latest games for years to come. This is from a desktop ONLY reference.

A note on the budget this assumes that you are going from nothing to a whole computer. If you have an existing computer upgrades are easy, and can be found at this article LINK instead.

2nd! Decide on a brand

By “brand” we mean Intel or AMD. Intel & AMD make CPUs (Central Processing Units), which are the brains of a computer. Determine the “brain” will determine other components the computer will comprise of. Their a few key differences I’ll outline below

AMD

  • Cheaper
  • More “Bang for your buck.”
  • Generally more cores
  • APU Technology
  • “Mantel”
  • Good track record

Intel

  • Pricey
  • Generally out preforms AMD
  • Very efficient
  • Excellent track record
  • Highly efficient hyper-threading
  • Less Cores

So as you can see AMD is more for the PC builder wanting to watch their budget but still receive excellent performance. Intel is more for the enthusiast looking for maximum performance, and efficiency. I myself have a computer comprised of an AMD processor with the associated motherboard, and GPU (Graphics Processing Unit). All together (with an eBay deal I snagged) cost me around $1000~$1200 total. My computer can play all games with ease, and can perform excellently though an Intel i7 processor could probably outperform me even if only marginally.

APU Technology on the AMD side means that the CPU can handle operations that normally a graphics card would do. Mantel is AMD’s version of DirectX.

3rd! Know what makes a computer “work”

Okay so after deciding on a brand of processor you’l want you need to understand all of the components that will go together to make your final piece – a functioning computer. Below I’ll list everything you need to make a computer work.

  • Computer Case
  • Motherboard
  • CPU – Central Processing Unit
  • RAM – Random Access Memory
  • HDD – Hard Disk Drive
    • SSD – Solid State Drive (For Operating System)
  • PSU – Power Supply Unity
  • CD/DVD ROM Drive – For CDs/DVDs
  • Graphics Card

Now I’ll cover this list in more detail so you understand. The computer case is what will house everything and will generally cost around $20~$100 depending on the brand. The motherboard runs about the same as the case. The thing to considering with the motherboard is the socket type. For example my motherboard takes an AMD Processor. The AMD Socket it accepts are AM3, and AM3+. You don’t have to understand what that means just understand when looking for a processor that it needs to have the correct socket type in order to be used with your motherboard. So if the CPU your looking at says FM2+ it WILL NOT fit a motherboard that say it only accepts AM3/AM3+. Some motherboards are more versatile than others and will accept more socket types than others so be aware of this.

Don’t forget to get thermal paste with your CPU. Generally though your CPU will likely come with some already pre-applied, or if you get an aftermarket heatsink it will come with some as well. The best thermal paste is “Artic Silver”.

Intel & AMD CPU’s are not interchangeable, they won’t even fit eachother because again different sockets won’t fit eachother. If you somehow managed to get a different CPU forced into a wrong socket well you probably just broke your CPU and motherboard. So take things slow, and review your components specifications sheets always!

RAM is pretty easy to get, use, and install. All you need to know is the socket type that the motherboard takes for the RAM other than that it does not matter the company or brand. So if it says DDR3 than you can only use DDR3 RAM you can’t go backwards and you can’t go forward. Within DDR3 RAM you will likely incounter different speeds, and sizes. Just go with 2 medium cost 4 Gigabyte RAM sticks.

HDD stands for hard-disk drive, and is where all your information will be stored. Just make sure you get the right size at the right speed and your set. You could also consider an SSD to use as your main Windows Boot Drive, which won’t be covered in this guide.

PSU is your power supply. When your looking for one just make sure it gets at least 80% efficiency or is rated at least Bronze80. Otherwise generally 750~1000 Watts is good if building more on the high end. On the lower end 500 Watts should work.

You will likely want a CD/DVD drive for obvious reasons we won’t cover just get a cheap one in case you use or need to use a CD/DVD.

The graphics cards will determine how well your computer can render 3D and 2D images, and graphics. If your going for a cheap computer just about any card should work fine. If your going for a more high end computer you’l appropriately need a better graphics card. Also generally AMD is paired with RADEON Graphics Cards, and Intel is paired with Nvidia Graphics cards. Below is a list of their best cards currently at the time of writing this.

  • AMD/RADEON – 290X2 ($1000+)
  • Intel/Nvidia – GTX Titan ($1000+)

Well that about sums everything up. While this guide is full of tips, and information it does not include pictures. Though you should have a solid understanding now before making any purchases. Below is a video created by someone else other than us that shows how to assemble a computer after you have gotten your components.

http://www.prenticenetwork.com/

Emergency Virus Guide

Emergency Virus Guide

DISCLAIMER: This guide might require more technical knowledge than the below average PC or Computer user. If you don’t understand what RAM stands for or HDD than you might want a more technically inclined friend to help with the reviewing of this guide.

The Situation (Your Situation)

  • Random music playing in the background.
  • High constant CPU usage due to programs being opened without consent.
  • Virus protection going off like crazy to keep you alive.
  • Worried about personal information, and files.
  • Went to a site that might of installed Malware on my computer.
  • Registry infected?

Solution (ComboFix + Other Software)

combofix

 

Combofix is an excellent second to the last line of defense against viruses, and crazy Malware.

To use the program you download it from a reputable source first off for example here: http://www.bleepingcomputer.com/

Before you start the program make sure you disable your virus protection. By disable usually anti-virus software has some kind of “Real Time Protection” enabled which you will need to disable for Combofix to work correctly. If you do not disable it Combofix could not work correctly, and in fact might cause damage to the filesystem.

The below video shows how to use Combofix to help restore a computer that is heavily infected.

Malwarebytes

mb-logo

This incredible software helps get rid of dangerous files, and programs, as well as unwanted ones. Examples of unwanted programs would be things like shopping programs that a website installed on your computer without your consent. While the website you visited has no intent on stealing your personal information they are certainly  up to go no good install such crap on your computer without consent.

RKill

RKill is a pieace of software that will attempt to terminate KNOWN malware processes. The program is simple and straight forward you can download from here: http://www.bleepingcomputer.com/

rkill-logo

 

With these three pieces of software just about anyone can cure a computer of its virus problem. Their is really no particular order you have to use these programs in but my personal recommendation would be the below order.

  • Malwarebytes (Run full scans WITH TRIAL activated.)
  • RKill
  • Combofix

After you have cleared a heavily infected system the best route to go is to retrieve all vital information, and program data from the system, and RE-INSTALL the operating system from scratch. The reason for this is because you will likely have remnants sometimes laying around on your system that could potentially reconstruct themselves later on. Though with proper protection if anything does re-emerge you can handle it properly.

I hope you enjoyed this article and I hope I helped someone cure their computer’s problems.

CCleaner Guide

cc

CCleaner (Free Edition)

The Guide

https://www.piriform.com/ccleaner/download


CCleaner is one of the many tools I use to maintain my computer’s integrity. CCleaner is a lightweight piece of software aimed at removing junk from your computer, and maintaining registry integrity. The free edition has always been enough for me and I see no reason to upgrade, but many make the move to upgrade due to the extra features, but this article will focus only on what the free edition can do and how it can help you.

ccleaner_free

So first lets take a look at what you will see after you install CCleaner.


 

The Cleaner Tab

ccleaner_screenshot1

So when you start the program you will be on the Cleaner tab. Here you can go through and check everything you want to be cleaned or otherwise be deleted because in the computer world cleaning is usually deleting. I myself as you see in the above screenshot check every thing in the Windows tab and the Applications tab except for any boxes on Google Chrome located in the Applications tab. I also DO NOT check the “Wipe Free Space” box located on the Windows tab at the very bottom. You should never have to use this option unless you have files that you “deleted” that you never want to be recovered since when you delete a file you don’t actually “delete” it. You simply instruct windows that where that file was once located can now be overwritten with other data so eventually the file will be unrecoverable. Last but not least when your ready to clean you can click “Run Cleaner” I usually never analyze unless I’m using the program on someone else’s computer.


The Registry Tab

ccleaner_registry_tab

The Registry tab allowed you to remove entries from your computer’s registry which have become invalid, or have issues related to what they refer to. This is essentially one of the reasons the Windows OS slows down over time among other things such as your hard disk being too full or very old age. I find it best to check EVERY box on this tab and than scan for issues. After the scan is complete you can elect to “Fix selected issues…”. It will ask you if you would like to back-up your registry entries you are about to delete in-case a problem accrues you can go to the file you backed up and double click it to add the deleted registry entries back into your registry. I usually say no to this option simply because I’m a risk taker, and I’ve actually never experienced a problem with deleting registry entries CCleaner has detected. This coupled with Window’s internal “Self Healing” you should not run into a problem. After you have deleted all registry issues than you might start seeing an improvement in performance especially if you have never done this. In the screenshot I took I only had 19 problems, but when I first used CCleaner I had over 1,000 problems. Removed the invalid registry entries allowed my computer to navigate the registry quicker with less entries thus speeding my computer up.


The Tools Tab

ccleaner_tools_tab

The gist of this tab

The tools tab is a very useful tab but if your a computer guru you already know that the tools included in this tab are essentially all things you can find in Windows by default be consolidated in this program all in one easy to find place. However if I need to uninstall a program or modify my start-up programs I usually open CCleaner and use this tools tab simply because it is easier.

Uninstall

To you got a few options here the Uninstall tab which should be pretty straight forward the big advantage here is that you can rename and delete entries this is useful if a program is in fact uninstalled but the entry will not remove itself from the uninstall list.

Startup

This tab allows you to enable, disable, and delete the entries telling which programs to start when Windows starts. If you can stop a program from starting by doing it through the programs preferences its best to do it there but you can also do it in CCleaner if you wish. Some more need things about this tab is it allows you to see what schedules task will be running, and can enable, disable, and delete applications from starting in other programs like Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, and so on. You can even modify the Context Menu which is the menu that appears when you right click with your mouse.

The File Finder

Well this one is pretty straight forward specify your options and it will search the elected locations for files matching those parameters.

System Restore

This tab allows you to pick restore points, and roll back to that restore point. I usually have restore points disabled to have more storage space.

Driver Wiper

This tab should be used with extreme caution. This tab allows you to wipe free space or completely remove all data from a storage location. It also gives you a very unique options list called “Security”. This allows you to pick how many “delete” passes or overwrite passes it will make on the same sectors to make sure the data is deleted. Essentially if you have a USB drive with data that must be deleted, and never recovered not even by the leading data recovery forensic scientist than choosing the highest option will make sure nothing on the drive will ever be recovered.

I hope you enjoyed my article about CCleaner, and as always come back to see us and check for new updates, articles, guides, and downloads.