Tag Archives: help

PCI WiFi Adapter VS USB WiFI Adapter

PCI WiFi Adapter VS USB WiFI Adapter

pci-wifi adapter
Image of a PCI-E WiFi adapter card.

 

Likely you want to enable WiFi access on your desktop or laptop without wireless adapter to eliminate the need for so many cords. Well it is good your here to learn the difference.

PCI WiFi Adapter

I’d like to start this one off by saying if your getting a wireless adapter for your laptop stop reading and just buy a USB dongle you can’t add PCI devices to a laptop.

If your wanting to add wireless to a desktop though that is a different story. PCI devices are much faster than USB devices, and can achieve much greater speeds, and allow for more stable connections. Their raw power, and ability to transfer data is much higher than a USB dongle.

While I say PCI don’t worry if all you have are PCI-E slots most if not all WiFi adapters have this port option available.

Usually these kind of adapters are best if you do a lot of bandwidth intensive task, and game a lot. Their price is not bad either considering they range from $10~$100 dollars. The more you pay the better off you are though. At $10 your probably looking at B/G wireless adapters which will max out at 54mbps which for more people is good enough, and perfectly fine for gaming or YouTube. If you need more though be ready to pay more.

Doing a quick Amazon search you can see the prices aren’t bad. PCI devices are really easy to install too. All you got to do is open the side of your computer see which slot it fits, and than identify that slot if it exist on your motherboard. These days they are usually marked on the board as well in white text. You can also look online using Google image search.

USB WiFi Adapter (Dongle)

Depending on who you go with, and what speeds your looking for these range from just a few bucks to $40+ according to Amazon. The main thing with USB Wifi Adapters is that they are convenient, pretty fast, and very portable. If your laptop’s WiFi adapter burns out a cheap USB Wifi Adapter is the best option rather than getting it repaired.

USB Adapters are great for space too. Usually people who are working on small projects with Raspberry Pi devices use these to give their devices WiFi capability.

The downside to USB WiFi adapters are signal range, and the fact they usually max out at 300mbps on the market. Anything above 300mbps starts to get expensive.

Conclusion

If your looking for convenience, or need a laptop WiFi replacement than get a USB WiFi adapter. If your using a desktop than I would recommend a PCI or PCI-E WiFi adapter card which are relativity cheap, and easy to install.

Don’t forget to bookmark us, and come back and visit at http://www.prenticenetwork.com/

If you feel like supporting us, and want one of these devices you can also follow one of the two below links for either one of the above devices.

PCI/PCI-E WiFi Adapter

USB WiFi Adapter

How to use FileZilla

How to use FileZilla

filezilla

FileZilla is a free FTP (File Transfer Protocol) client. FTP is a method for download or uploading files to a server. FTP works in a few different ways, and has unsecure, and secure protocols within.

Today though were just going to mainly show you how to use FileZilla so you can upload some files to your server. We will be demonstrating using the dedicated server this site is hosted on.

This guide also assumes you have FileZilla installed. If you don’t than you can download it here: Download FileZilla. It is pretty self explanatory on how to install it.

How to use FileZilla

1) Locate Site Manager

First thing you will want to do is simply add your site! Before you can do that though you will need to open up the site manager. It is located in the upper left hand corner. If your having trouble just refer to the below picture.

filezilla-screenshot

2) Add Your Site!

Now I’ve grayed a few things out, but I’ll explain it all! When you open the site manager you will see what you see below. You will want to click “New Site” and a new one will populate the list on the left. Name your site so that you can identify it later. The settings on the right side are the settings associated with the currently highlighted site on list located on the left hand side.

The settings are pretty easy. Host is simply ftp.yoursitename.com really that is all there is to it. Than for Logon Type you will want to make sure it says normal (it says Anonymous by default). After that enter your cPanel username and your cPanel password. If all is well hit connect!

site-managerIf you happen to get any errors it will most likely be because of an incorrectly typed username or password. Double check your spelling on how you typed your site into the host section as well.

Connecting to a server via SFTP – SSH

Follow the same procedures except on the host slot you will need to put the server IP address. The Protocol should be SFTP, and Logon Type should be normal. Once you try connecting it will ask you to trust the credentials. Hit yes, and your into your server directly using FileZilla.

https://md5live.com/

How to use f.lux

How to use f.lux

f.lux

Download f.lux for free.

The program f.lux is suppose to reduce eye strain by changing the brightness and color of your monitor. If your curious as to why you would want to use this program the reason is that we are not meant to see the sun after it sets. LCD’s and other types of monitors with their bright white light simulate the sun making it difficult for you to sleep after using your computer at night.

This is where f.lux shines and helps you rest better. It is suppose to pretty much simulate fire or natural light. A candle is not the sun, and your body knows this so what f.lux can do it simulate candle light being emitted from your monitor helping you sleep after your done using it.

f.lux has many options for night lighting, I’ll list them here.

  • 1200k: Ember
  • 1900k: Candle
  • 2300k: Dim Incandescent
  • 2700k: Incandescent
  • 3400k: Halogen
  • 4200k: Fluorescent
  • 5000k: Sunlight

As you can see f.lux has many light modes. It also has Darkroom mode, and Movie mode. My personal favorite night-time lighting option is Incandescent. It is not too yellow, and is not too bright either. Ember makes everything pretty much yellow and if you need to identify color you won’t want this option.

I would only recommend going as low as Dim Incandescent anything lower, makes it hard to identify colors properly though the eye strain reduction is pretty nice.

The program also is able to go into Safe Mode which as far as I can tell just removes the background transparency.

There is an extra’s button which lets f.lux take control of Philips hue lights which is an amazing feature! I don’t have a Philips monitor or lighting system, but I’m sure it is incredible.

So all in all get f.lux it is free, and helps you sleep better by reducing night-time eye strain.

Remember to check back at http://www.prenticenetwork.com/ to see some more stories.

Computer Building Guide Tips

Computer Building Guide Tips

This will help you understand a computer so you can build one.

Video at bottom of guide.

First off http://www.newegg.com/ is like the best site (not amazon) for finding PC components to build a computer. Amazon is pretty good for ordering the components, but if your to look something up just use newegg their the best they are also nice to order from.

With this list of tips we & I think that you will most certainly have a higher chance of success, and won’t get the wrong parts to go with one another, and won’t miss anything at that!

1st! Have a budget!

When deciding on a budget you need to decide first how much can you realistically spend. $200~$400 for a run of the mill internet and streaming PC is about standard. $500~$1000 will get you a low-budget to medium budget gaming, media, and entertainment PC, and $1100~$6000 will get you a high end computer that can do everything including play the latest games for years to come. This is from a desktop ONLY reference.

A note on the budget this assumes that you are going from nothing to a whole computer. If you have an existing computer upgrades are easy, and can be found at this article LINK instead.

2nd! Decide on a brand

By “brand” we mean Intel or AMD. Intel & AMD make CPUs (Central Processing Units), which are the brains of a computer. Determine the “brain” will determine other components the computer will comprise of. Their a few key differences I’ll outline below

AMD

  • Cheaper
  • More “Bang for your buck.”
  • Generally more cores
  • APU Technology
  • “Mantel”
  • Good track record

Intel

  • Pricey
  • Generally out preforms AMD
  • Very efficient
  • Excellent track record
  • Highly efficient hyper-threading
  • Less Cores

So as you can see AMD is more for the PC builder wanting to watch their budget but still receive excellent performance. Intel is more for the enthusiast looking for maximum performance, and efficiency. I myself have a computer comprised of an AMD processor with the associated motherboard, and GPU (Graphics Processing Unit). All together (with an eBay deal I snagged) cost me around $1000~$1200 total. My computer can play all games with ease, and can perform excellently though an Intel i7 processor could probably outperform me even if only marginally.

APU Technology on the AMD side means that the CPU can handle operations that normally a graphics card would do. Mantel is AMD’s version of DirectX.

3rd! Know what makes a computer “work”

Okay so after deciding on a brand of processor you’l want you need to understand all of the components that will go together to make your final piece – a functioning computer. Below I’ll list everything you need to make a computer work.

  • Computer Case
  • Motherboard
  • CPU – Central Processing Unit
  • RAM – Random Access Memory
  • HDD – Hard Disk Drive
    • SSD – Solid State Drive (For Operating System)
  • PSU – Power Supply Unity
  • CD/DVD ROM Drive – For CDs/DVDs
  • Graphics Card

Now I’ll cover this list in more detail so you understand. The computer case is what will house everything and will generally cost around $20~$100 depending on the brand. The motherboard runs about the same as the case. The thing to considering with the motherboard is the socket type. For example my motherboard takes an AMD Processor. The AMD Socket it accepts are AM3, and AM3+. You don’t have to understand what that means just understand when looking for a processor that it needs to have the correct socket type in order to be used with your motherboard. So if the CPU your looking at says FM2+ it WILL NOT fit a motherboard that say it only accepts AM3/AM3+. Some motherboards are more versatile than others and will accept more socket types than others so be aware of this.

Don’t forget to get thermal paste with your CPU. Generally though your CPU will likely come with some already pre-applied, or if you get an aftermarket heatsink it will come with some as well. The best thermal paste is “Artic Silver”.

Intel & AMD CPU’s are not interchangeable, they won’t even fit eachother because again different sockets won’t fit eachother. If you somehow managed to get a different CPU forced into a wrong socket well you probably just broke your CPU and motherboard. So take things slow, and review your components specifications sheets always!

RAM is pretty easy to get, use, and install. All you need to know is the socket type that the motherboard takes for the RAM other than that it does not matter the company or brand. So if it says DDR3 than you can only use DDR3 RAM you can’t go backwards and you can’t go forward. Within DDR3 RAM you will likely incounter different speeds, and sizes. Just go with 2 medium cost 4 Gigabyte RAM sticks.

HDD stands for hard-disk drive, and is where all your information will be stored. Just make sure you get the right size at the right speed and your set. You could also consider an SSD to use as your main Windows Boot Drive, which won’t be covered in this guide.

PSU is your power supply. When your looking for one just make sure it gets at least 80% efficiency or is rated at least Bronze80. Otherwise generally 750~1000 Watts is good if building more on the high end. On the lower end 500 Watts should work.

You will likely want a CD/DVD drive for obvious reasons we won’t cover just get a cheap one in case you use or need to use a CD/DVD.

The graphics cards will determine how well your computer can render 3D and 2D images, and graphics. If your going for a cheap computer just about any card should work fine. If your going for a more high end computer you’l appropriately need a better graphics card. Also generally AMD is paired with RADEON Graphics Cards, and Intel is paired with Nvidia Graphics cards. Below is a list of their best cards currently at the time of writing this.

  • AMD/RADEON – 290X2 ($1000+)
  • Intel/Nvidia – GTX Titan ($1000+)

Well that about sums everything up. While this guide is full of tips, and information it does not include pictures. Though you should have a solid understanding now before making any purchases. Below is a video created by someone else other than us that shows how to assemble a computer after you have gotten your components.

http://www.prenticenetwork.com/

Emergency Virus Guide

Emergency Virus Guide

DISCLAIMER: This guide might require more technical knowledge than the below average PC or Computer user. If you don’t understand what RAM stands for or HDD than you might want a more technically inclined friend to help with the reviewing of this guide.

The Situation (Your Situation)

  • Random music playing in the background.
  • High constant CPU usage due to programs being opened without consent.
  • Virus protection going off like crazy to keep you alive.
  • Worried about personal information, and files.
  • Went to a site that might of installed Malware on my computer.
  • Registry infected?

Solution (ComboFix + Other Software)

combofix

 

Combofix is an excellent second to the last line of defense against viruses, and crazy Malware.

To use the program you download it from a reputable source first off for example here: http://www.bleepingcomputer.com/

Before you start the program make sure you disable your virus protection. By disable usually anti-virus software has some kind of “Real Time Protection” enabled which you will need to disable for Combofix to work correctly. If you do not disable it Combofix could not work correctly, and in fact might cause damage to the filesystem.

The below video shows how to use Combofix to help restore a computer that is heavily infected.

Malwarebytes

mb-logo

This incredible software helps get rid of dangerous files, and programs, as well as unwanted ones. Examples of unwanted programs would be things like shopping programs that a website installed on your computer without your consent. While the website you visited has no intent on stealing your personal information they are certainly  up to go no good install such crap on your computer without consent.

RKill

RKill is a pieace of software that will attempt to terminate KNOWN malware processes. The program is simple and straight forward you can download from here: http://www.bleepingcomputer.com/

rkill-logo

 

With these three pieces of software just about anyone can cure a computer of its virus problem. Their is really no particular order you have to use these programs in but my personal recommendation would be the below order.

  • Malwarebytes (Run full scans WITH TRIAL activated.)
  • RKill
  • Combofix

After you have cleared a heavily infected system the best route to go is to retrieve all vital information, and program data from the system, and RE-INSTALL the operating system from scratch. The reason for this is because you will likely have remnants sometimes laying around on your system that could potentially reconstruct themselves later on. Though with proper protection if anything does re-emerge you can handle it properly.

I hope you enjoyed this article and I hope I helped someone cure their computer’s problems.